Engineer's Day 2021: Here's why September 15 is observed as National Engineer's Day in India

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 India observes Engineers Day every year on 15 September to commemorate the birth anniversary of the greatest Indian engineer, Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya. Engineer's Day is celebrated to pay tribute to Bharat Ratna Visvesvaraya, who was regarded as the 'Father of Modern Mysore'.

A prolific civil engineer, educationist, economist, 20th century scholar, Visvesvaraya made significant contributions to the field of engineering. However, UNESCO celebrates World Engineer Day every year on 4 March. Engineers Day is celebrated to acknowledge the efforts of various engineers who have contributed in this field to make our present life comfortable.

Who was Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya?

On Engineer's Day, the nation pays tribute to Visvesvaraya for his contribution to the society. Born in Karnataka in 1861, Visvesvaraya studied Bachelor of Arts (BA) from the University of Mysore and then went on to study Civil Engineering from the College of Science in Pune and went on to become one of the most eminent engineers of the country.

Visvesvaraya started his career as an Assistant Engineer in the Public Works Department of the Government of Bombay and contributed significantly to several technical projects in Mysore, Hyderabad, Odisha and Maharashtra. He was appointed as the Diwan of Mysore in 1912 and as a chief engineer, he built the famous Krishna Raja Sagar Dam in the city.

He made major reforms in the fields of banking, education, commerce, agriculture, irrigation and industrialization and was also a well-known pioneer of economic planning in India.

Important Contribution of Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya:

His notable contributions include the block system of irrigation in the Deccan canals in 1899 and the flood protection system in Hyderabad.

He also established the Government Engineering College in Bangalore in 1917, which was later renamed as University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering. An architect of the Krishnaraja Sagar Dam, he also served as one of the chief engineers of the flood protection system in Hyderabad.

He was known for his excellent irrigation techniques and had flood disaster management skills.

He also wrote many books like 'Reconstructing India' and 'Planned Economy of India'.

Awards and honors:

The Government of India awarded the highest possible civilian award - Bharat Ratna to Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya in 1955 for his outstanding contribution to industrial, economic and social projects. He was also awarded a British knighthood by the then King George VV, who had 'Sir' next to his name.

Engineer Day 2021: Theme

The theme of Engineers Day 2021 is 'Engineering for a Healthy Planet - Celebrating UNESCO's Engineering Report'. Last year, the theme was 'Engineers for a Self-reliant India'. Newsletter items, social media broadcasts and promotional campaigns play an important role in setting the theme for Engineer's Day every year.

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